Know-how was coined from the Greek phrase technologia, which refers to a “ability” or an “artwork”. To be part of the checklist of fine” journals, a journal needed to be: i) rated A or B by Franke and Schreier ( 2008 ); ii) included in the Financial Times’ High forty five Journals listing ( Financial Occasions, 2010 ); and iii) utilized by Linton in his comparison between expertise innovation management journals and those journals that appear within the list of the Financial Occasions’ High forty five Journals.

The approaches are usually influenced by developments in STS, especially the concept that applied sciences contain a script that influences not solely folks’s perception of the world but in addition human conduct, and the idea of the absence of a fundamental distinction between humans and non-people, together with technological artifacts (Akrich 1992; Latour 1992; Latour 1993; Ihde and Selinger 2003).

The definitions found within the literature suggest that expertise entrepreneurship is about: i) operating small businesses owned by engineers or scientists; ii) discovering problems or purposes for a specific know-how; iii) launching new ventures, introducing new purposes, or exploiting opportunities that rely on scientific and technical knowledge; and iv) working with others to provide expertise change.

The articles cover subjects on: traits of know-how entrepreneurs; external occasions that create technology opportunities for expertise entrepreneurs; university and business incubators; firm spinoff and expertise transfer mechanisms; government applications that support technology entrepreneurship; funding of recent know-how companies; entrepreneurship training; and commercialization capability.

This twofold presentation takes into consideration the development of expertise as the end result of a course of originating inside and guided by the apply of engineering, by requirements on which solely limited societal management is exercised, as well as the implications for society of the implementation of the expertise so created, which outcome from processes upon which solely limited management will be exercised.