Systemic lupus erythematosus cannot be cured, but there is a series of active phases and the calm phase of the disease. The available treatment goals are to reduce the severity of symptoms, prevent organ damage, and minimize their impact on the lives of people with lupus.
The type of drug and the dosage is given to one person with lupus are not the same as other patients with lupus, and can change over time depending on the symptoms and the level of the disease. There are many therapies and treatments for lupus, including CBD Oil Canada.
The following are drugs such as CBD Oil which may be needed by people with lupus:
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs.
Joint or muscle pain is one of the main symptoms of lupus. Doctors will prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce these symptoms such as ibuprofen and diclofenac. However, people with lupus should be aware of NSAID side effects such as gastric bleeding, kidney problems, and increased risk of heart disease. To prevent side effects of gastric bleeding, doctors can provide additional drugs to protect the stomach.
Corticosteroids can reduce inflammation quickly and effectively. This medication is usually given by a doctor if a person with lupus has severe or active symptoms. At an early stage. this drug will be given in high doses. The dosage will be gradually reduced as the patient’s condition improves. Some side effects that will arise from this drug, especially if used in the long term and with high doses include bone loss, skin thinning, weight gain, increased blood pressure, increased blood sugar, and risk of infection. However, corticosteroids are a safe and effective treatment as long as they are consumed correctly and under the supervision of a doctor.
Besides being used to treat malaria, it is also effective in treating some of the main symptoms of lupus, such as joint and muscle pain, fatigue, and skin rashes. Doctors generally recommend long-term consumption of this drug. The aim is to prevent the occurrence of severe symptoms of the attack, prevent active disease, and prevent the emergence of more serious complications. The effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine will usually be felt by people with lupus after using it for 1.5 to 3 months. Side effects that may arise from the use of this drug include digestive disorders, diarrhea, headaches, and skin rashes.
The way these drug works is to suppress the immune system. There are several types of immunosuppressants that are usually given by doctors, namely azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate. Immunosuppressants will relieve the symptoms of lupus by blocking damage to healthy parts of the body due to an attack on the immune system. This drug can be given together with corticosteroids, so the dose of corticosteroids can be reduced. Some of the side effects that can be caused by immunosuppressant drugs include:
- Loss of appetite.
- Gum swelling.
- Easy to bleed or bleed.
- A headache.
- Increased weight.
- Excessive hair growth.
The risk of infection will increase due to suppression of the immune system by immunosuppressants. Symptoms of the infection are sometimes similar to the active symptoms of lupus. Some of them are a cough with tightness, fever, diarrhea, burning sensation when urinating, and blood urine (hematuria).
Avoid contact with people who are experiencing any kind of infection, even though they already have immunity against these infections, such as chickenpox or measles. Transmission may still occur because the performance of the immune system is declining due to suppression by immunosuppressant drugs. This drug can also cause damage to the liver. Therefore, people with lupus need regular health checks and blood tests while using immunosuppressants.
If other medications are not effective for people with lupus, the doctor will recommend rituximab. This drug was originally developed to treat cancer, such as lymphoma. But rituximab has proven effective for dealing with autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. The way rituximab works is to target and kill B cells, which are cells that produce antibodies that trigger lupus symptoms. This medicine will be given by IV. Side effects that can arise from the use of rituximab include dizziness, vomiting, and flu-like symptoms, such as fever and chills. This drug can also cause an allergic reaction but rarely happens.
In addition to the drugs given, protecting the skin from the sun is very important for people with lupus. Skin rashes experienced by people with lupus can get worse if exposed to sunlight. Steps that can be taken to protect the skin from the sun are:
- Wear clothes that cover all parts of the skin.
- Wear a wide hat and sunglasses.
- Apply sunscreen (at least SPF 55 when going out) to prevent sunburn.
- By avoiding sun exposure, people with lupus are at risk of vitamin D deficiency, because most vitamin D is formed in the body with the help of sun exposure. Therefore, vitamin D supplements are needed to prevent osteoporosis.